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Endangered Species Law and Policy

Stephanie Clark

Stephanie Clark Stephanie Clark advises clients on a variety of land use and environmental matters, including matters dealing with the California Environmental Quality Act, Endangered Species Act, and the National Environmental Policy Act. A recent graduate of the University of Washington School of Law, Ms. Clark gained experience as a student attorney for the Children and Youth Advocacy Clinic, and as a tribal spokesperson for the Tribal Criminal Defense Clinic, which serves as the public defender for the Tulalip tribe.

Posts by Stephanie Clark

Fish and Wildlife Service Proposes De-Listing the Black Capped Vireo

Posted in Delisting, Fish & Wildlife Service, Litigation, Migratory Bird

On December 15, 2016, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) published a proposed rule to remove the black-capped vireo (Vireo atricapilla) from the list of Endangered and Threatened Species. The Service has concluded that listing is no longer warranted due to the species’ recovery. The vireo is a small migratory songbird that breeds and… Continue Reading

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Lists Two Species, Designates Critical Habitat for One Species

Posted in Conservation, Critical Habitat, Fish & Wildlife Service, Listing

On October 5, 2016, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) listed a beetle species as endangered, a fish species as threatened, and designated critical habitat for the fish species pursuant to the Endangered Species Act (ESA). The Service listed the Miami tiger beetle (Cicindelidia floridana), which occurs in Miami-Dade County, Florida, as endangered under… Continue Reading

Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals Affirms Incidental Take Statements Not Required for Plant Species

Posted in Court Decisions, Fish & Wildlife Service, Legal, Litigation

On August 15, 2016, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit affirmed a lower court decision granting summary judgment to the Bureau of Land Management (“BLM”) and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (“USFWS”) on the issue of whether an incidental take statement is required for plant species.  In Center for Biological Diversity v…. Continue Reading

Bipartisan ESA Bill Proposes Funding for State Programs

Posted in Congress, Conservation, Legislation, Regulatory Reform

In a year that has already seen its fair share of attempts to reform the Endangered Species Act (“ESA”), another proposal has made its way into the House of Representatives.  Representatives Don Young (R-Alaska) and Debbie Dingell (D-Michigan) introduced the “Recovering America’s Wildlife Act” (H.R. 5650) on July 7, 2016.  The bill is based on… Continue Reading

USFWS Issues 90-day Finding for Midwestern Moose Population

Posted in Fish & Wildlife Service, Listing

On June 2, 2016, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) issued a 90-day finding that listing populations of the Northwestern moose (Alces alces andersoni) under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) may be warranted.  The Service’s 90-day finding is in response to a petition filed in July 2015 by the Center for Biological Diversity and… Continue Reading

Changing the ESA Listing Petition Process? Not as Much as You Might Think.

Posted in Delisting, Fish & Wildlife Service, Listing, National Marine Fisheries Service, Regulatory Reform

On April 21, 2016, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and National Marine Fisheries Service (collectively, “Service”) announced revisions to their proposed modifications  to  the Endangered Species Act (“ESA”) petition process. 81 Fed. Reg. 23,448 (Apr. 21, 2016) (pdf).  In May 2015, the Service announced proposed changes to the petition process for listing a species… Continue Reading

Up For Debate: What’s the Real Cost of Endangered Species Predation?

Posted in Conservation, Fish & Wildlife Service, National Marine Fisheries Service, Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta

On February 10, 2016, lawmakers on the House Natural Resources Subcommittee on Water, Power, and Oceans are scheduled to discuss several wildlife laws, including the Endangered Species Act (ESA), Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA), and Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA).  The Oversight Hearing is entitled “The Costly Impacts of Predation and Conflicting Federal Statutes on… Continue Reading

Fish & Wildlife Service Announces Listing Prioritization Shake-Up

Posted in Fish & Wildlife Service, Listing

In a notice published on January 15, 2016, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) announced a draft methodology for prioritizing species status reviews and 12-month findings on petitions for listing species under the Endangered Species Act (ESA).  81 Fed. Reg. 2,229 (Jan. 15, 2016).  The Service currently has over 500 unresolved species status reviews… Continue Reading

California Supreme Court Rules Mitigation Measures Constitute Take of Fully Protected Species

Posted in Court Decisions, Legal, Litigation

On November 30, 2015, the California Supreme Court issued its much-anticipated decision in Center for Biological Diversity v. California Department of Fish & Wildlife, Case No. S217763 (Nov. 30, 2015).  The decision comes at the conclusion of a nearly five-year legal battle over the California Department of Fish and Wildlife’s (“CDFW”) approval of an environmental… Continue Reading

Bureau of Land Management and California Department of Fish and Wildlife Sign Conservation Agreement

Posted in Conservation

On October 16, 2015, the California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW) and the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) announced the signing of a conservation agreement intended to provide greater protections and more flexibility in the management of impacts to sensitive species and their habitats.  The conservation agreement, called the “Durability Agreement,” will allow CDFW… Continue Reading

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Issues Proposed Rule Regarding Critical Habitat Determination for the Marbled Murrelet

Posted in Conservation, Critical Habitat, Fish & Wildlife Service

On August 25, 2015, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) published a proposed rule relating to the existing critical habitat for the marbled murrelet (Brachyramphus marmoratus).  The murrelet is listed as a threatened species under the Endangered Species Act (ESA).  The proposed rule does not purport to change the Service’s previous designation of critical… Continue Reading

Lawsuit Filed Over State Water Board’s Temporary Modification of Water Quality Objectives

Posted in Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta

Consistent with Governor Brown’s Drought Proclamation and Executive Orders, the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (USBR) and the California Department of Water Resources (DWR) sought and obtained a temporary modification of certain water quality objectives from the California State Water Resources Control Board (State Board) in order to allow for increased exports of water from the Central Valley Project… Continue Reading

D.C. Court Upholds Forest Service’s 2012 Planning Rule

Posted in Court Decisions, Litigation

In a decision issued April 28, 2015, a U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia dismissed an action challenging the U.S. Forest Service’s (Service) 2012 National Forest Planning Rule (Planning Rule).  The Service is responsible for managing all federally owned forest and range lands, as well as the species that reside on those lands, pursuant to a three-tiered… Continue Reading

Endangered Species Rule Roundup: April 6-7, 2015

Posted in Fish & Wildlife Service, Listing, National Marine Fisheries Service

After a relatively quiet start to the year, the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) and U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (FWS)  have issued findings and rules regarding the proposed listings of four separate species under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) over the last two days.  NMFS issued a 90-day finding on a petition to list… Continue Reading

National Marine Fisheries Service Accepts Two Petitions to List the Porbeagle Shark

Posted in Conservation, Listing, National Marine Fisheries Service

On March 27, 2015, the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) accepted two petitions asking NMFS to list the Porbeagle shark (Lamna nasus) as threatened or endangered under the Endangered Species Act either throughout the entirety of its global range, or as distinct population segments (DPS) occurring in the Northwest Atlantic, the Northeast Atlantic, and the… Continue Reading

National Marine Fisheries Service Issues a 90-Day Finding and a Proposed Rule

Posted in Listing, National Marine Fisheries Service

On March 3, 2015, the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) issued two Federal Register notices – a 90-day finding on a petition (pdf) to list the Common thresher shark (Alopias vulpinus) as either threatened or endangered, and a proposed rule to list  (pdf) the Tanzanian distinct population segment (DPS) of the African Coelacanth (Latimeria chalumnae) as a… Continue Reading

114th Congress Introduces Bill to Amend Endangered Species Act of 1973

Posted in Congress, Legislation

On January 28, 2015, Congressman Bill Flores (R-TX) introduced House Bill H.R. 585 (pdf), which seeks to amend the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (ESA) to establish a new procedure for approval of certain stipulated consent decrees between the federal government and third parties.  Specifically, in cases brought under the ESA’s citizen suit provision (16 U.S.C. §… Continue Reading

National Marine Fisheries Service Extends Comment Period for Proposed Arctic Ringed Seal Critical Habitat Designation

Posted in Critical Habitat, National Marine Fisheries Service

On February 2, 2015 the National Marine Fisheries Service (“Service”) announced its plan to extend the period for public comments on its December 3, 2014 proposed designation of critical habitat for the threatened Arctic Ringed Seal (Phoca hispida hispida), reported on this blog.  (80 FR 5498 [pdf].)  The Service’s proposed rule would designate millions of acres… Continue Reading

Endangered Species Act Year End Roundup: FWS Issues Findings on A Listing Petition and NMFS Issues A Correction

Posted in Fish & Wildlife Service, Listing, National Marine Fisheries Service

Coming in just under the wire for the New Year, the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (FWS) and National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) published new rules today, making December a very busy month for Endangered Species Act (ESA) listing decisions. Below are the latest items from FWS and NMFS to be published in 2014. December… Continue Reading

NMFS Publishes Corrected Proposed Critical Habitat Designation for Arctic Ringed Seal

Posted in Critical Habitat, National Marine Fisheries Service

On December 9, 2014, the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) and Secretary of Commerce published a revised proposed rule designating critical habitat for the Arctic Ringed Seal.  The previous proposed rule was published here (and reported on this blog here) on December 3rd.  Citing a clerical error, NMFS withdrew the December 3rd rule, claiming it “contained… Continue Reading

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Releases 2014 Threatened and Endangered Species Candidate List

Posted in Fish & Wildlife Service, Listing

On December 5, 2014 the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS) released its Fiscal Year 2014 Threatened and Endangered Species Candidate list.  Under the Endangered Species Act (ESA), when the USFWS either receives a petition from a third party to list a species as threatened or endangered, or when the USFWS decides of its own… Continue Reading

NMFS Proposes Critical Habitat for the Threatened Arctic Ringed Seal

Posted in Conservation, Critical Habitat, National Marine Fisheries Service

On December 3, 2014, the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) published its proposed rule designating critical habitat for the threatened Arctic Ringed Seal (Phoca hispida hispida).  (79 Fed. Reg. 71,714).  The proposed designation, if finalized, would mark one of the largest critical habitat designations in the Bering, Beaufort, and Chukchi seas, consisting of millions of acres.  The… Continue Reading

Arizona District Court Finds Sonoran Desert Bald Eagles Are Not a Distinct Population Segment

Posted in Court Decisions, Fish & Wildlife Service, Listing

On November 4, 2014, the U.S. District Court for the District of Arizona issued an opinion in Ctr. for Biological Diversity v. Jewell,2014 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 157436(D. Ariz.Nov. 4, 2014) finding that the Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) did not abuse its discretion by finding that the Sonoran Desert population of bald eagles is not a distinct… Continue Reading